Ordinal numbers

On today’s post, we will start from the very beginning… Ordinal numbers! 

Experts say that numbers are used around 20 times every day, so if you’re interested on learning spanish, you’ll need them. Let’s go!

First ones, differents

From 1 to 15, they have their own name

1 – Uno

2 – Dos

3 – Tres

4 – Cuatro

5 – Cinco

6 – Seis

7 – Siete

8 – Ocho

9 – Nueve

10 – Diez

11 – Once

12 – Doce

13 – Trece

14 – Catorce

15 – Quince

Going on…

From 16 to 29, use the tens and final digit, in a single word:

16 – Dieciseis (10 y 6)

17 – Diecisiete

18 – Dieciocho

19 – Diecinueve

20 – Veinte

21 – Veintiuno (20 y 1)

22 – Veintidós

23 – Veintitrés

24 – Veinticuatro

25 – Veinticinco

26 – Veintiséis

27 – Veintisiete

28 – Veintiocho

29 – Veintinueve

Remember, DIEZ Y- becomes DIECI– (same pronunciation, by the way), and VEINTE Y- becomes VEINTI-.

… and on…

30 – Treinta

31 – Treinta y uno

32 – Treinta y dos

40 – Cuarenta

50 – Cincuenta

60 – Sesenta

70 – Setenta

80 – Ochenta

90 – Noventa

Three ciphers

100 – Cien

101 – Ciento uno

200 – Doscientos

300 – Trescientos

400 – Cuatrocientos

500 – Quinientos

600 – Seiscientos

700 – Setecientos

800 – Ochocientos

900 – Novecientos

999 – Novecientos noventa y nueve

Notice that CIEN is the only one that doesn’t end up with ‘to’, and from 200 becomes plural

No conector after hundreds, you don’t say ciento y setenta. 170 is ciento setenta.

Lots of zeros

1.000 – Mil

2.000 – Dos mil

10.000 – Diez mil

100.000 – Cien mil

1.000.000 – Un millón

2.000.000 – Dos millones

10.000.000 – Diez millones

Summing up

  • First 15 numbers are different. 
  • From 16 to 29 are written with a single word.
  • Two ciphers are the only ones that goes with Y:
    • 37 – Treinta y siete
    • 370 – Trescientos setenta
    • 3.700 – Tres mil setecientos

Exceptions

Uno

Just the number 1 is UNO, but when in goes with a noun, it changes depending the gender:

  • Un coche (One car)
  • Una casa (One house)
  • Cuarenta y un coches (41 cars)
  • Cuarenta y una casas (41 houses)

Ciento

Not 100, but the rest of hundreds depend on the gender too:

  • Doscientos coches (200 cars)
  • Doscientas casas (200 houses)
  • Ochocientos cuarenta y dos coches (842 cars)
  • Ochocientas cuarenta y dos casas (842 houses)

Millones

In this case, it doesn’t matter the gender, it always goes with DE before a noun:

  • Un millón de coches (one million cars)
  • Un millón de casas (one million houses)
  • Doscientos veintitrés millones de coches (223 million cars)
  • Doscientos veintitrés millones de casas (223 million houses)

You still have doubts about ordinals numbers? Leave a comment below or practice them with Haizea by clicking here.

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